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UNDERSTANDING METABOLIC SURGERY: PROCEDURES, BENEFITS AND CONSIDERATIONS.

Metabolic Surgery

You are done following a strict diet schedule, daily exercise and not getting the desired outcome. 

Now, your body  is uncontrollably obese and normal weight loss practices  are not helping.

BMI surgical institute is helping a thousand people like you lose weight and get rid of metabolic diseases with a compassionate and skilled team of physicians. Before you decide to have a metabolic surgery, read this article to have a better insight of  why you should opt for it and the whole procedure you will go through.

What Is Metabolic Surgery:

Metabolic surgery is synonymous with Bariatric surgery and weight loss surgery. This type of surgery is performed to treat co morbid conditions. Conditions in which one disease causes another disease. For example, obesity causes diabetes mellitus ( T2DM).  Other examples of co morbid conditions can be high blood pressure and cardiovascular disorders (heart diseases). Depressive disorders coexist with substance abuse and so on.

Why Is Metabolic Surgery Done?

The sole purpose of metabolic and bariatric surgery is sustained and long-term weight loss. When weight loss is effective, it cures Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to a great extent resulting in better quality of life and health. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), patients can lose up to average 15 to 30% of their body fat through surgeries depending on the type of surgery they have.

Procedure Of Metabolic Surgery:

Metabolic and bariatric surgery procedure is a very sensitive process that needs high accuracy and attention while performing it.

Basically, there are 4 common types of bariatric surgeries:

  1. Roux-en-y (roo-en-wy). Most common method of gastric by-pass.
  2. Sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding
  3. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS)
  4. Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal  bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S).

The basic metabolic surgery procedure includes the removal of 80% of your stomach which results in a banana shaped pouch. The surgeon cuts off the middle part of your small intestine (jejunum). Then, connect the last part (ileum) to the first part (duodenum).

Results of the study found that gastric bypass resulted in more than 31% total weight loss after a year, with gastric sleeve and gastric band at 25.2% and 13.7% respective weight loss after a year.

Eligibility Criteria To Undergo Metabolic Surgery:

Since this surgery is very sensitive, BMI surgical institute does not compromise on the eligibility criteria.

A person who reaches the age of 18 or above is eligible to undergo metabolic surgery since a fully mature body can undergo the pre and post symptoms of surgery.

A person having body mass index (BMI) greater than 35 or 45 with the pre existing symptoms of hypertension and sleep apnea is eligible for metabolic surgery.

Metabolic and bariatric surgery is commonly performed when the patient has a history of the symptoms of hypertension, heart disease and other related symptoms for at least 6 months.

Benefits Of Metabolic Surgery:

Research shows that weight loss surgeries are proved to be really effective. It  lowers the risk of death related to many diseases including heart disease (40% lower), diabetes (92% lower), and cancer (60% lower) are also significantly reduced. Comparing the risks of surgery to the benefits of surgery makes the decision for surgery much easier to make.

Bariatric surgery is very effective for the patients who cannot cure their obesity through traditional practices such as exercise and healthy diet. They show little or no progress, and then the weight regains. For these patients, metabolic surgery is the long term relief from obesity with the reduced risk of other related diseases. 

Risks And Complications Of Metabolic Surgery:

Every surgery brings its risks and complications with it. So is metabolic surgery. It can leave both short term and long term effects on your body. Our bariatric surgeons make sure that our patients truly understand the complications and risks. With our experience and innovation, we try our level best to minimise these risks as much as possible.

The short term risks can include:

  1. Inability to eat
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Infection
  4. Dilated oesophagus 
  5. Acid reflux

The long term symptoms include:

  1. Malnutrition
  2. Chronic ulcer
  3. Hernias

For a better experience and reduced risk of the aftermath of the surgery, our bariatrics perform a series of tests. These are some major considerations we take into account before the metabolic surgery. We consider them as pre operative evaluations.

A complete blood count test (CBC)

Body mass index (BMI)

Previous history of surgeries done (if any) and the risks associated with them.

Amount of food intake by the patient is also taken as a consideration.

Post Operative Care:

After a successful surgery comes the post surgery period. Our team ensures that this crucial period of our patients spends well.

Post operative care of metabolic surgery or bariatric surgery includes proper dietary modifications. Daily calorie intake must be less than 1000 calories or between 400-600 calories.

Lifestyle changes involve daily exercise recommendations that help the body to adapt to the changes made.

Make sure to take vitamins and supplements regularly. Avoid eating fast. In your recent post operative care, eat slowly. It is the responsibility of medical management to monitor the daily screening and medicine intake of the patient.

Conclusion:

You must have now the idea of what it takes to undergo metabolic surgery and how the process forwards next. The professional and experienced physicians and bariatric surgeons make sure that their patients receive the fullest of health care. 

Book your appointment now and live your life how you want to live it. Not how your obese body wants you to live.

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